Friday, 10 August 2012

Literacy Rate of Scheduled Tribes


The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing the education-oriented schemes which include Post-MatricScholarship for ST students, Hostels for ST girls and boys, Establishment of Ashram School in Tribal Sub-Plan Areas,Upgradation of Merit through coaching and remedial classes, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST students, Top Class Education for ST students and National Overseas Scholarship for ST students to improve the literacy level of students belonging to the Scheduled Tribe communities, besides usual reservation for ST students. These are supplementary to the efforts made by other Ministries.

The low socio-economic development and their habitation in various ecological and geo-climatic conditions ranging from plains and forest to hills and inaccessible areas are the main reasons for low literacy rate among the Scheduled Tribes. State-wise literacy rate of total population and scheduled tribes population and gap in literacy rate as per 2001 Census are given below.


Literacy rate of total population and Scheduled Tribe
Population and Gap in Literacy rate
India /States/ Union Territories: 2001 (Figures in percentage)
Sl. No.
India/State/UT
Literacy
Rate-2001
Gap in Literacy Rate
Total
ST

INDIA
64.8
47.1
17.7
01.
Andhra Pradesh
60.5
37.0
23.4
02.
Arunachal Pradesh
54.3
49.6
4.7
03.
Assam
63.3
62.5
0.8
04.
Bihar
47.0
28.2
18.8
05.
Chhattisgarh
64.7
52.1
12.6
06.
Goa
82.0
55.9
26.1
07.
Gujarat
69.1
47.7
21.4
08.
Haryana #
67.9
NST
-
09.
Himachal Pradesh
76.5
65.5
11.0
10.
Jammu & Kashmir
55.5
37.5
18.0
11.
Jharkhand
53.6
40.7
12.9
12.
Karnataka
66.6
48.3
18.3
13.
Kerala
90.9
64.4
26.5
14.
Madhya Pradesh
63.7
41.2
22.5
15.
Maharashtra
76.9
55.2
21.7
16.
Manipur
70.5
65.9
4.6
17.
Meghalaya
62.6
61.3
1.3
18.
Mizoram
88.8
89.3
0.5
19.
Nagaland
66.6
65.9
0.7
20.
Odisha
63.1
37.4
25.7
21.
Punjab #s
69.7
NST
-
22.
Rajasthan
60.4
44.7
15.7
23.
Sikkim
68.8
67.1
1.7
24.
Tamil Nadu
73.5
41.5
32.0
25.
Tripura
73.2
56.5
16.7
26.
Uttarakhand
71.6
63.2
8.4
27.
Uttar Pradesh
56.3
35.1
21.2
28.
West Bengal
68.6
43.4
25.2
29.
Andaman & Nicobar
81.3
66.8
14.5
30.
Chandigarh
81.9
NST
-
31.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
57.6
41.2
16.4
32.
Daman & Diu
78.2
63.4
14.8
33.
Delhi
81.7
NST
-
34.
Lakshadweep
86.7
86.1
0.6
35.
Pondicherry
81.2
NST
-
# NST – No Notified Scheduled Tribes in the State.
 This information was given by the Minister of State for Tribal Affairs, Shri Mahadeo Singh Khandela in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.

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